A grape is the non – climacteric Fruit, botanically a true berry that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or used For making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, and wine, grape seed extracts, raisins and grape seed oil. Grapes are also used in some kinds of candy.
Grapes grow in clusters of 6 o 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green and pink. “White” grapes are actually green in colour, and are evolutionarily derived From the red grape. Mutations in two regulatory genes of white grapes turn off production of anthocnins which are responsible For the colour of red grapes. Anthocyanins and other pigment chemicals of the large Family of polyphenols in red grapes are responsible For the varying shades of purple in red wines.
Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics show the cultivation of grapes. Scholars believe that ancient Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans also grew grapes both For eating and wine production. Later, the growing of grapes spread to Europe, North Africa, and eventually to the united states. Native grapes in North America grew along streams; however, the First cultivated grapes in California were grown by Spanish Franciscan Friars looking to make a sacramental wine For the California Missions. The First table grape vineyard in California is credited to an early settler by the name of William Wolfskill in Los Angeles Area. As more settlers came to California, more and more varieties of European grapes were introduced, some For wine-making, others For raisins and some For eating Fresh.
Today in the United States, approximately 98% of commercially grown table grapes are From California (California Table Grape Commission).
Distribution And Production
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 75, 866 square kilometres of the world are dedicated to grapes. Approximately 71% of world grape production is used For wine, 27% as Fresh Fruit, and 2% as dried Fruit. A portion of grape production goes to producing grape juice to be reconstituted For Fruits canned “with no added sugar” and “100% natural”. The area dedicated to vineyards is increasing by about 2% per year.
You can Find number of Grapes recipes in Ayesha’s Kitchen under the category of “Grapes”.